Timeline of Codename "Lachs"


1944

July 15th 1943 Porcelain Mine Kahla first mentioned as “the only suitable quarry” within the district Weimar
March 22nd 1944 Porcelain Mine Kahla is confiscated by the GUSTLOFF-Factory
April 11th 1944 Arrival of forced laborers in the camp “Rosengarten Kahla”
April 14th 1944 Sauckel gives order to build wooden workshops on the mountain as preliminary production facilities, later those shops were to be turned into bunkers
May 15th 1944 Founding of the “REIMAHG Group” as an affiliate company of the GUSTLOFF-Factory. The name is an acronym for “REIchsMArschall Hermann Göring”
June 1944 Camp 8 is built for Eastern Workers on the Northern side of the mountain.
July 18th 1944 The architect Schirrmeister form Jena receives the order to build a runway on top of the mountain.
July 25th 1944 Flemming presents the first plan of mine. The factory layout included 85 galleries stretching North-South and offered a usable area of 207 000m². ???
August 9th 1944 Below Eichenberg 18 barracks were prepared in Camp E as living quarters for Dutchmen, Italians, Russians and Frenchmen.
August 14th 1944 25 000m² were completed at the Eastern field of the mountain.
August 30th 1944 A spinoff by the name of “REIMAHG Erichwerke GmbH” was to produce aircraft engines for Kahla in the former ore-mine Kamsdorf.
October 10th 1944 Göring visits the construction site and held a speech in Hall 7 (Dehnatal)
November 1944 First Hitler Youth deployment for work on the mountain
November 7th 1944 Manufacturing companies move in and occupy a total of 20 000m²
November 30th 1944 Completion of Bunker 1 (“Böhm-Bunker”)
September 1944 The first POW arrive at the camp of Kleindembach. In November 1944 up to 1400 Slovakian POW followed and were forced to labor.
October 1944 After a consultation with Hitler output quantities for the Messerschmitt Me 262 production was changed to 1200 a month.
October 15th 1944 Components for an assembling test of the first three Messerschmitt Me 262 aircraft were shipped from the main manufacturer in Ausgburg to the Walpersberg.
December 1944 10 main and 18 secondary camps were built around the Walpersberg for forced laborers, conscripted workers, skilled workers and Hitler Youth. Work conditions worsened. Work time for forced laborers was increased to 12-hour shifts. Workers now only got supplies before and after work in the camp.
December 5th 1944 The “Hunting-Castel Hummelshain” was to be modified to serve as hospital for the REIMAHG
December 31st 1944 Another REIMAHG factory was planned to be set up in the former gypsum quarry Krölpa, creating reserve resources.

1945

January 1945 More than 10 000 forced laborers now work at the Walpersberg
January 31st 1945 Bunker 4 and bunker 0 (with “Welmar-Hall”) are completed
February 1945 Members of the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls are ordered in large numbers to work at the Walpersberg above and below ground
Febraury 5th 1945 Sauckel takes responsibility for building prototypes of Horten XVIII aircraft. 40 planes were to be assembled in a test run at the Walpersberg. Parts were shipped to the Walpersberg from the Railroad-Car Factory in Gotha.
February 15th 1945 Runway construction is completed
February 21st 1945 The first Messerschmitt Me 262 takes off from the plateau on top of the Walpersberg. Within the next weeks 20 to 30 aircraft followed.
March 1945 The number of forced laborers is increased again to at least 12 000.
March 3rd 1945 A last status report is given to the mining authority in Weimar. The work on 35 of the 85 planned galleries got completed entirely or in part. A total area of 34 000m² was made available for production.
March 19th 1945 Allied airborne forces took the first areal photos showing clearly visible aircraft on the runway.
April 8th 1945 A large lumber of workers is driven to move Eastward. In part an intermingling with the death marches of the Concentration Camp Buchenwald occurred.
April 11th 1945 The 89th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army liberates the camp West of the Saale River. The day before bridges had been blown up by the German home guard “Volksstrum,” so that the Eastern camps had to wait for liberation until April 12th.
April 13th 1945 In Hummelshain 1000 forced laborers are liberated by the U.S. Army. Some die due to sickness or epidemics even after they had been set free. The CIOS division had five aircraft rebuilt. Documents and aircraft parts were secured.
July 4th 1945 The Walpersberg complex was handed over to the Red Army. The Russians destroyed the facilities by use of explosives.